Study of a Hat

Creation date
oil on canvas
15 x 12 in. 20-3/8 x 17-3/8 x 2 in. (framed)
Credit line
Gift to the Art School by Susan M. Ketcham
Accession number
Not Currently On View
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Susan Merrill Ketcham

Study of a Hat, 1889

oil on canvas

15 x 12 inches

Gift to the Art School by Susan M. Ketcham

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Ketcham took an early interest in art and helped establish two art schools in Indianapolis, but she did not begin to paint seriously until she was over forty years old.  Born to a pioneering Indiana family, Ketcham became a painter and teacher.  She was one of eighteen women who in 1883 founded the Art Association of Indianapolis which became the Indianapolis Museum of Art and the Herron School of Art and Design.  She organized the artwork for the Art Association’s first exhibition and hired faculty to open the school.  For the first year, she taught at the school and took summer trips in the U. S. and Europe.  As a middle-aged woman, Ketcham enrolled in the Art Students League in New York and was elected a life member.  She studied with William Merritt Chase and became godmother to his son.  New York was the focus of her life, and she became involved with the Art Students League.  In the summers, she went to Ogunquit, Maine to paint seascapes and teach summer classes.

Ketcham probably painted this young woman during her first year of study with William Merritt Chase in New York.  Its dark, warm tones and freely brushed manner betray the Munich School’s influence, which she absorbed through Chase.  The painting’s title suggests the importance the artist placed upon the sweeping dark oval form of the woman’s large hat. Its shape and color contrast with the delicate neckline of the lace-edged blouse.


Judith Vale Newton and Carol Ann Weiss.  Skirting the Issue: Stories of Indiana’s Historical Women Artists, Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 2004. ISBN-13: 978-0871951779