A Summer Morning

Creation date
oil on canvas
24-1/8 x 20 in. 33-1/4 x 39-1/8 in. (framed)
Credit line
Gift of Miss Gretchen Stark
Accession number
Not Currently On View
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Otto Stark

A Summer Morning, 1909

oil on canvas

24 1/8 x 20 inches

Gift of Miss Gretchen Stark

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Otto Stark was born in Indianapolis and apprenticed at the age of twelve to lithography.  At age sixteen, he studied at the Art Academy of Cincinnati and then entered the Art Students League of New York.  He later went to Paris where he continued his studies at the Académie Julian and became a member of the Sociéte des Beaux Arts et Belles Lettres.  He exhibited twice at the Paris Salon, the International Exhibition of Art and History in Rome and the Panama Pacific Exhibition, where he was in charge of the Indiana Exhibition.  For twenty years, Stark was the head of the Art Department of Emmerich Manual Training High School and an instructor in composition at the John Herron Art Institute in Indianapolis. He was one of the five members of the Hoosier Group, which included Indiana’s most important Impressionist painters, J. Ottis Adams, T. C. Steele, William Forsyth and Richard Gruelle.

Stark took up residence in New York City, after completing his training in Paris.  When his wife died, he came back to his native Indiana.  A Summer Morning was painted while Stark was visiting the Hermitage, J. Ottis Adams’ Brookville home.  It portrays the artist’s eldest daughter Gretchen, seated in shade with her back to sunlit lawn, engrossed in her needlework. This solidly painted figure, posed against a loosely constructed landscape, exemplifies the American Impressionist style.


Wilbur David Peat. Pioneer Painters of Indiana, Indianapolis: Art Association of Indianapolis, Indiana, 1954.  ASIN: B0007DFBR2