Because The Virginia B. Fairbanks Art & Nature Park:100 Acres is located within a meander of the White River, flooding is a common event, and certain areas tend to flood more frequently.
As the level and speed of the river increase during a flood, erosion of the banks is accelerated as new portions come in contact with the water. The increased levels of sediment in the river are deposited in flood plains, as the flood waters are slowed down by plants and rough terrain. Looser, more sandy soils within 100 Acres are composed of sediment that have been left by previous floods.
As a result of collaboration with the USGS, the IMA now has set of inundation maps, which can be used to estimate the extent of flooding using a stream gauge installed in the Park. The hydrograph generated by the gauge reports the current level of the river and the corresponding map shows a simulation of the flooding that would occur, based on digital elevation models.
The height of the White River can be accessed through a hydrograph on the IMA Dashboard. The yellow and red regions within the chart indicate the action and flood stages as determined by the National Weather Service. Local weather service stations generate alerts to the public when river levels reach these stages at points that they monitor, based on their knowledge of how river height relates to hazardous road conditions in an area.
The Art & Nature Park's real-time flood monitoring gauge is available on the USGS website.